On the occasion of the 40th World Congress of Vine and Wine, which took place from 29 May to 2 June in Sofia, Bulgaria, Jean-Marie Aurand, Director General of the OIV (International Organisation of Vine and Wine), gave an overall assessment of the wine sector. Here are the main trends that emerge for 2017.
China continues its ascendancy. According to the 2016 assessment presented by the OIV, China continues its ascendancy both in terms of total vineyard area and grape production. The Chinese wine growing area thus increased by 17,000 hectares between 2015 and 2016, and now stands at 847,000 hectares, making it the world’s second-biggest vineyard (11% of the total) behind Spain (13%) and ahead of France (10%). For their part, EU vineyards curbed their pace of decline to level out at 3.3 million hectares in 2016. Meanwhile, grape production reached a record high of almost 76 million tonnes. With a production of 14.6 million tonnes in 2016, China tops the list (accounting for 19% of the world’s grape production), followed by Italy (7.9 million tonnes), the United States (7.1 million tonnes), and France (6.4 million tonnes).
Italy is the world’s leading wine producer. Global production of wine (discounting grape juice and must) in 2016 is estimated at 267 million hectolitres, i.e. a drop of 3% compared to production in 2015. 2016 was marked by difficult climatic conditions that impacted production in a number of countries. Italy (50.9 million hectolitres) confirms its rank as the world’s leading producer, followed by France (43.5 million hectolitres) and Spain (39.3 million hectolitres). The US production level is still high at 23.9 million hectolitres. In South America, production dropped sharply in Argentina (9.4 million hectolitres), Chile (10.1 million hectolitres) and Brazil (1.6 million hectolitres), as well as in South Africa (10.5 million hectolitres), as a result of unfavourable climatic conditions.
The United States: the world’s leading consumer. The OIV data shows a slight increase in global consumption in 2016, estimated to represent approximately 241 million hectolitres. Traditional wine-drinking countries continue their decline (or stagnation) to the benefit of new regions of consumption. Wine is increasingly consumed outside its country of production. With an annual consumption of 31.8 million hectolitres, the United States confirms its position as the world’s leading consumer since 2011. It is followed by France (27 million hectolitres), Italy (22.5 million), Germany (19.5 million) and China (17.3 million). Lastly, world trade in wine saw a slight drop of 1.2 % in volume (104 million hectolitres), but continued to progress in value to reach €29 billion in 2016 (+2% versus 2015).
Download the OIV’s detailed statistical report with exports by country.
See the graphics illustrating the various grape varieties grown throughout the world.
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